The end of the Second World War signalled the rapid end of the European African empires.
In 1945, only four African countries were independent; by 1963, thirty African states created the Organization of African Unity.
Despite formidable problems, the 1960s were a time of optimism as Africans enjoyed their new independence, witnessed increases in prosperity and prepared to tackle their political and economic problems in their own way.
By the 1990s, however, the high hopes of the 1960s had been dashed.
Dictatorship by strongmen, corruption, civil wars and genocide, widespread poverty and the interventions and manipulations of the major powers had all relegated Africa to the position of an aid 'basket case', the world's poorest and least-developed continent.
In Africa: A Modern History Guy Arnold brings a lifetime's thought and experience to his examination of the continent during these momentous years.
He argues that imperialism has cast a long shadow and differentiates between external pressures to control Africa and the internal failures of its leadership.
In conclusion he assesses whether twenty-first century Africa can promote its own recovery and renaissance.
Africa: A Modern History looks set to stand for many years as the definitive account of what happened in Africa over this period.
- Format: Paperback
- Pages: 1076 pages, 5x4 b/w plates
- Publisher: Atlantic Books
- Publication Date: 10/08/2006
- Category: African history
- ISBN: 9781843541769